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Note 1

Collection: Gray's School of Art Collection
Object Type: Document
Artist/Maker: unknown
Place Made: unknown
Date: unknown
Media/Materials: ink on paper
Dimensions: overall: 33 cm x 20 cm


Typed document.

It reads:
These magnificent Mid-Victorian, chromolithographs, each one consisting mostly of seven or eight colour printings, are an example of the extremely high quality, both of the litho artists and litho printers, of this period.
The 'invention' of lithography is attributed to Aloys Senefelder (1771-1834), who discovered in 1798, in Bavaria, that certain kinds of local stone had an affinity for both grease and water. If the surface of the stone was polished, it could be drawn on in greasy ink, and it held that image. If the surface of the stone was then wetted, and inked with an inking roller, the ink was repelled by the water, but held in those places already drawn on in ink. Senefelder later discovered that certain kinds of zinc plate also have this property. The implications for the printing industry were tremendous, but were only slowly realised. Lithography's first task in the filed of books was to offer a new medium for illustration.

Object Number: ABDRG2019.2.1